Sunday, July 24, 2016

8 things you need for your new puppy

There's a ton of stuff you don't need to get your dog for his first day in your home. Here are a few things you DO need to get.
  • Crate; perhaps two if you're getting a puppy and you have an upstairs.
  • A travel crate if one fits in your vehicle. This is the safest way to transport a dog.

  • Food - the same kind he's been eating. After a couple of weeks in your home, change the food if you like but do it gradually over a week to 10 days to make certain the new food doesn't upset his tummy.
  • A bin for his food, large enough to hold a full bag of dog food. Here's why. The puppy in this video is trying to find a way into the two bins of dog food. She's unsuccessful. If these had been bags of food, she would have had a party.
  • Bowls for water and food
  • Leash and collar or harness
  • Poop bags 
  • Treats. I suggest you not buy them from the pet store. If you do, make sure they're not made in China. And like in processed human food, look for treats with a short list of ingredients. Personally, I use chicken (boneless, skinless chicken breasts) boiled, drained and cut into pea-sized pieces. I fill snack-sized ziplock bags with the chicken and toss 'em in the freezer, then pull out one at a time for training. String cheese is a good alternative. Both are healthy and easy on a dog's tummy.
And, of course, you'll want a few toys. But don't go overboard. Some puppies don't care a thing about tennis balls but love squeaky toys. Pick up an interactive toy or two. Here are some of my favorites.

Many more trainer tips are in my book, Puppies chew shoes, don't they? It's available in print on Amazon or email me and I'll send you the eBook.

Friday, May 27, 2016

Thursday, April 28, 2016

Training Cora, the seizure assist service dog

Ryan is a husband and the father of two beautiful little girls. Seven years ago he had his first grand mal seizure. The severity of his seizure disorder is best explained by his wife:
"He suffers from numerous types of seizures but the grand-mal seizures are most debilitating. When he suffers from this type of seizure he often ends up in the emergency room because he always seems to be standing. When he falls, as the seizure begins, his head breaks his fall. He has had stitches, staples, concussions, and even a second neck surgery due to the falls."
Since there are dogs who can alert a person prior to a seizure, Ryan decided that if one could provide him with enough notice so he could sit or lay down before a seizure, he wanted in.

When Ryan contacted me to talk about training a puppy, I explained that we start the process by finding a pup with the right temperament. What does that mean? It means we're looking for a pup who has no anxiety, fear or aggression. It means a pup with moderate energy. We don't want a high energy pup who's always in motion or a lackadaisical one. It means a pup who loves people and is cool with other dogs. It means a pup who is curious and with any luck at all, food driven. Great play drive is a bonus. All of this usually translates into a dog who is very trainable, ultimately bulletproof, and with a little luck, an independent thinker and problem solver.

Ryan found his puppy. Her name is Cora. First training session: 4/8/2016.

All puppies, whether future working dogs or family pets, start the same way in their new homes. Week 1 is all about getting to know their new family and learning house manners ("no, you can't eat the rug, jump on people, or pee in the house"). Done right, potty and crate training can be accomplished that first week. Then there's tethering - the magic answer to creating a well mannered puppy, fast. Keeping a puppy on leash (attached to an adult human being) most of the time IN the house prevents things like: eliminating off in a corner somewhere, engaging inappropriately with the cat, cruising the dirty laundry for edibles, trash can diving, etc. Tethering also teaches the puppy about being on leash and collar - something she never experienced before. She learns that you weigh more than her so she's not going far when attached to you. She learns to get out of your way or she'll get stepped on. She learns that when you stop moving, she stops moving. And the human-canine bond gets off to a big, positive start. One last thing. She learns that a simple "sit" makes cool stuff happen. She gets petted, fed, played with - all kinds of positive attention. All she has to do is sit.

Ryan is doing all this and more. Every day he works with Cora. Every day the bond between them strengthens. Every day Cora provides the kind of comfort only a dog can. The first seizure Ryan had after he got the puppy was the week of April 18. She'd been with him a couple of weeks. He was home alone. When he regained consciousness after the grand mol, Cora was laying on him. That's nice, right? Oh but it's way more than that. It means that the puppy wasn't afraid of Ryan's seizure. Many dogs would have been. It's also key that she stayed with him rather than wandering off to play unattended in the house. This response by a very young puppy to a grand mol seizure is just exactly what I want to see in a dog who we hope will grow to understand Ryan's seizures so well, she'll react to them before they happen. You go, little girl!

Public access training at the mall

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Public access training at Home Depot

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Ryan teaching Cora the "under" and "down"

It is with Ryan's permission that I share his story. I hope it will help others understand the process of training one's own service. Stay tuned. We've only just begun!

Saturday, April 16, 2016

Keep your dog safe as the weather gets warmer

As the weather warms, get out there with your dog and enjoy yourself. Here are a few reminders to help keep your four-legged friend safe.
  1. Don't leave your dog in the car while you run errands or do anything else. What about if you park your car in the shade? No. Why? Because heat exhaustion, heat stroke, brain damage, and death can happen. Fast. If you see a dog (or a child) in a car alone during warm months, call the police.
  2. Is your dog afraid of thunderstorms? A dog who is anxious about thunderstorms can become afraid of other things, too. How can you help your dog cope? Dr. Karen Becker sums up a variety of possible solutions in this article.  
  3. Working in your yard? Plant food, fertilizer, insecticides and lots of other things can be fatal if your dog ingests them. Some plants are also toxic. Learn more here.
  4. Does your dog have an ID tag on his collar? If he has a microchip, does the microchip provider have your current contact information, especially your cell phone number? If your dog gets lost, you are likely to get him back sooner if he has these two forms of identification.
  5. Check with your veterinarian to see if your dog should be on heartworm preventative. Heartworms - transmitted by mosquitoes - can kill your dog.
  6. Another summertime threat: fleas and ticks. You can use a commercial flea and tick product or go natural. Here are a few options to consider.
  7. Dogs can drown in swimming pools, so make sure your dog doesn't have access to a pool without your supervision.
  8. Protect your dog's paws from hot pavement and sand. If a surface is too hot for you to walk barefoot, then it's likely too hot for your dog as well. Consider booties or a product like Musher's Secret. Puppy's pads are especially susceptible to burns from hot surfaces.
  9. Dogs can get sunburned. Yours may require sunscreen, especially if he has a light colored nose, which can make him vulnerable to sunburn and skin cancer. Ask your vet what to use to prevent sunburn.
  10. Hot weather can lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Both are dangerous and can kill your dog. Signs of heat-related stress include heavy panting, glazed eyes, a rapid pulse, unsteadiness, a staggering gait, vomiting, and a deep red or purple tongue. If your dog becomes overheated, you have to start lowering his body temperature. If possible, move him into an air-conditioned car or building or at least into the shade. Apply cool (not cold) water over his body to gradually lower his core body temperature. Apply cold towels or ice packs to his head, neck, and chest only. Encourage him to drink small amounts of water or lick ice cubes. Get him to a veterinarian immediately. Learn more here.
Provide plenty of water and shade for your dog while he's enjoying the great outdoors with you. And this is a great time of year to take a pet first aid class. Also make sure you have a doggy first aid kit that goes with you everywhere you and your dog go.

Woofs, wags and happy trails!

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Is your dog itchy?

A friend texted me this morning about his Labrador retriever:
"Rogue's got some itchy skin for a couple days now. Could it be from swimming in lake/river or I think she just gets seasonal allergies. Or a combo of both. Bath with hypoallergenic or oatmeal type shampoo should make it better right? It shouldn't take away too much of her good or needed skin oil?"
Here in the southeast, allergy season is in full bloom. If your dog is itchier than usual, check out Dr. Karen Becker's blog post "If your dog is itchy or your cat is wheeze, you need to read this." 

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Thursday, March 3, 2016

Service Dog, Do Not Pet

The dog's vest says in big, bold letters: Service Dog, Do Not Pet. And yet, person after person approaches with words like "I know I'm not supposed to ..." as they reach out to engage with a dog who is trying to do his job. If you don't understand why it's not okay to pet a service dog, I'd like for you to meet three of my clients. 

Angel may not look like he's working but he is. One of his jobs is to block people from invading 13-year-old Sara's personal space. Sara's Mom puts it this way: "When we are in public as a trio, I am responsible for both my daughter and her service dog. When someone distracts her dog, her anxiety level rises. Best case scenario, we are able to regroup and carry on with our outing. Worst case, we spend 10 to 15 minutes in a quiet area recovering. When Angel is distracted, the trio fails." Below is a video of Sara during a recent public access training session. 

When you see a service dog, please admire him from a distance.

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Molly is in training to be a service dog for Collin, a teenager with down syndrome. In the picture above, Collin's Mom (and Molly's primary trainer) is working with Molly in public, teaching her to focus - totally ignoring what's going on around her. Below, Molly lays (and stays focused) beneath the table at McDonalds, quietly waiting for whatever comes next. Among other things, Molly helps Collin with transitions (stop doing something he's enjoying and start doing something else) like leaving McDonalds to go to the car. Focus is key in these kinds of transitions: focus from Mom, Molly and Collin. 

When you see a service dog, please admire her from a distance.

* * * * *

Eclipse is six months old and has been embedded with his family since he was 11 weeks old. He's learning how to be a service dog for a child with a seizure disorder, cerebral palsy, autism, and a number of other disabilities. When you see a puppy with a "service dog in training" vest, don't assume he is being handled by a puppy raiser for a big organization. Some families - like the three in this blog post - choose to train their own service dogs. That means that interrupting puppy training is as inappropriate as interrupting adult dog training. This puppy is learning to ignore the rest of the world and focus on his boy. Please help him succeed by admiring the process from afar.

It takes hundreds of hours to train a service dog. Thank you for respecting them and their people.

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Maybe there's a medical reason you can't potty train your puppy

Beau's an adorable three-month old sheepadoodle (old English sheepdog and poodle). His dad, Dan, was going to be out of town on business, so Beau came to my house for 10 days of board and train.

Beau barked a lot. No matter what I tried, he continued to bark loud and long. I ignored the noise, which works 9 times out of 10. But it didn't work with Beau. I thought it might be anxiety, so I tried a Thundershirt. That didn't work. I tried pennies in a can, then an ultrasonic no-bark collar. Nothing worked.

I was worried about Beau. He wasn't getting enough rest. Puppies sleep, wake up, pee, poop, eat, drink, play - then repeat all of that. He wasn't napping even after a healthy amount of exercise. His behavior was outside the norm.

Dan had told me that Beau seemed to drink an excessive amount of water and had accidents in the house. I worked on Beau's potty training for a few days to no avail. He was peeing in his crate and Dan was right: he never seemed to get enough water. I decided my original thought - that Beau might have a urinary tract infection - needed to be addressed. I had permission to take Beau to my vet if necessary, so I did.

Diagnosis: UTI. We came home with a week's worth of antibiotics and probiotics. Beau would need to see his regular vet in a week for another round of antibiotics.

Results: Within 24 hours Beau wasn't nearly as fussy. Within a few days, his barking had decreased by 90 percent. Before he went back home, he started taking normal puppy naps throughout the day. The barking that remained didn't last long and was caused by two very specific things:

  • Reactivity to something unexpected - a sound or a something moving unexpectedly into his field of vision (usually outdoors; ex: a jogger).
  • Separation anxiety - less than five minutes of complaint when crated.
These two versions of barking aren't all that unusual in puppies and with some work can be completely eradicated. I believe that the other version of barking - the nonstop version - was a puppy in pain. He may have had a UTI for a month or more. Plus he's teething. Both ends hurt.

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If you've been diligently trying to potty train your puppy for more than two weeks, take a urine sample to your vet for a urinalysis. If a UTI is present, once completely gone, potty training should get back on track.

For more trainer tips, email me and I'll send you a downloadable version of my book, Puppies chew shoes, don't they?. It's also available in print on Amazon.

Check out this video of hand-feeding a puppy from my YouTube channel, too!