Puppy Proofing. If you are adopting a puppy, are you willing to puppy proof your home, deck, yard, pool, and vehicle? Indoors this includes making computer cables, electric cords, articles of clothing (dirty laundry and shoes are puppy favorites), sporting equipment, children's toys, books, magazines, remote controls, eye glasses, etc. inaccessible. There should be a gate at every stairway and trash cans should be out of reach. Toxic substances (including house plants like dieffenbachia, lily of the valley, mistletoe, philodendron, and poinsettia) must be put away. Remember: if a puppy can get it in his mouth (it being just about anything), it will go in his mouth ... which is just a swallow away from being in his belly.
Outdoors, if you have a pool, make sure the puppy cannot get in it. Yards are full of things puppies like to investigate. Make certain all poisonous substances (fertilizer, antifreeze, etc.) are out of reach. Do you have a trailered boat in your backyard? Move it. If your yard is fenced in, make sure there are no spaces a puppy can squeeze through. Put the gardening tools away. Their handles make wonderful chew toys. Understand that if you have a yard, your new pal may dig holes, bed down in the flowers, chew the corners off of your deck steps, and bark at everything from butterflies to falling leaves. He may eat dirt and rocks and parts of trees. He is, after all, a dog.
Cost. Can you afford a dog? The first year of a dog's life is usually the most expensive. It will include three sets of shots, the cost of spaying or neutering, flea and tick and heartworm preventative. Add to that food, treats, a crate, collar and leash, food and water bowls, and toys. Then there is the cost of obedience training, more collars (when he outgrows the original) and leashes (when he chews through the original), and fencing in the backyard to keep him safe. Can you afford to board him when you go on vacation?
Responsibilities. Are you committed to be a responsible pet owner? Are you willing to neuter or spay your dog? Take at least one basic obedience class and/or work with a private trainer? Provide plenty of exercise and positive reinforcement? Crate train?Choose a veterinarian before you pick up your puppy. Schedule his first vet appointment for a few days after you bring him home. At that first appointment you can ask questions about vaccinations, spaying and neutering, flea and tick protection, heartworm preventatives, etc. And here are a few other issues to consider:
- Is a spotless house important to you? Dogs, especially puppies, can be messy creatures.
- Is anyone in the household allergic to dogs? If so, choose your breed carefully from those that don't shed much and produce small amounts of dander.
- Do you already have a dog? Tread carefully when bringing a newcomer into the family. Avoid jealousy by paying special attention to the older dog.
- Do you have small children? Puppy teeth are very sharp. Pups nip and mouth other dogs and in the beginning don't understand the difference between nipping a dog and nipping a child. Consider adopting an adult dog.
When you bring a new dog into your home, know that you have way more than a pet. You have a new family member, one who will love you for life.